Named after a bird of prey, it was originally developed by British manufacturer Hawker Siddeley in the 1960s. In Falklands, the RAF Harriers operated on carrier because the RN Sea Harrier were too valuable to perform ground attack. The Harrier, informally referred to as the Jump Jet, is a family of military jet aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) operations. ... (Aeronautics) a British subsonic multipurpose military jet plane capable of vertical takeoff and landing by means of vectoring the engine thrust. The Harrier II is unique among American military aircraft as one of few to have been adapted from a foreign design. n. 1. The Harrier II was the first Marine Corps tactical strike platform to arrive in theater, and subsequently operated from various basing postures. Historically the Harrier was developed in Britain to operate from ad-hoc facilities such as car parks or forest clearings, avoiding the need for large air bases vulnerable to tactical nuclear weapons. After the success of the Harrier Jump Jet, Sea Harrier was the naval version for the Royal Navy. Define harrier. Finally, the Harrier Jet swings into view and lands by the side of the school building, next to a bicycle rack. The AV-8B's origin traces back to the British Hawker Siddeley Harrier… The Harrier Jump Jet is being sold by courtesyaircraft.com and is virtually complete, with spares. The AV-8B's origin traces back to the British Hawker Siddeley Harrier… The strike fighter with short take-off and vertical landing capability to replace the outdated de Havilland Sea Vixen. The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL). Three squadrons, totaling 60 aircraft, and one six-aircraft detachment operated ashore from an expeditionary airfield, while one squadron of 20 aircraft operated from a sea platform. The Harrier and VSTOL is the focus of this episode. The AV-8B's origin traces back to the British Hawker Siddeley Harrier… For a jet fighter like the Harrier or the F-35, the normal landing technique on an aircraft carrier is to fly over the designated spot, hover and gently set down. The Harrier Jet is not yet visible, but the observer senses the presence of a mighty plane as the extreme winds generated by its flight create a paper maelstrom in a classroom devoted to an otherwise dull physics lesson. But, as Andy explained, this reduces the amount of what he described as "Bernoulli lift" generated by the aircraft's wings. The Harrier II is unique among American military aircraft as one of few to have been adapted from a foreign design. How and why was the first jump jet designed/engineered? 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