[4], Byrd was friends with Edsel Ford and his father Henry Ford, whose admiration of his polar exploits helped to gain Byrd sponsorship and financing for his various polar expeditions from the Ford Motor Company.[5]. Richard E Byrd 1923 2009 Richard E Byrd in U.S. Social Security Death Index (SSDI) Richard E Byrd was born on April 26 1923. [44], Byrd was an active Freemason. [7] Byrd's last assignment before forced retirement was to the presidential yacht USS Mayflower. The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (NSN: 0–7918), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition I, in that on November 28, 1929 he took off in his "Floyd Bennett" from the Expedition's base at Little America, Antarctica and, after a flight made under the most difficult conditions he reached the South Pole on November 29, 1929. This distinction was given to "American citizens whose achievements in outdoor activity, exploration, and worthwhile adventure are of such an exceptional character as to capture the imagination of boys ...".[47]. NRAS Squantum was commissioned on August 15, 1923, and is considered to have been the first air base in the Naval Reserve program.[14]. (Although Germany was not at war with the United States at this time, Adolf Hitler had been serving as Führer of the German Reich since 1934, and invaded Poland the next year.). [citation needed], On January 20, 1915, Richard married Marie Donaldson Ames (d. 1974). Death Records, together with other Vital Records are created and kept by local authorities throughout the US. On 19th February 1947, Admiral Byrd led a squadron of planes over the North Pole. Byrd was one of only four American military officers in history entitled to wear a medal with his own image on it. General Orders: Letter Dated August 6, 1926. Senator Harry F. Byrd, a dominant figure in the Virginia Democratic Party from the 1920s until the 1960s; their father served as Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates for a time. On June 8, 1912, Byrd graduated from the Naval Academy and was commissioned an ensign in the United States Navy. Byrd was born in Winchester, Virginia, the son of Esther Bolling (Flood) and Richard Evelyn Byrd Sr. [29], After their return to the United States, an elaborate dinner in their honor was held in New York City on July 19. This mission was historic, as it was the first time the Atlantic Ocean was crossed by an aircraft. [citation needed], Once again, Byrd named Floyd Bennett as his chief pilot, with Norwegian Bernt Balchen], Bert Acosta, and Lieutenant George Noville as other crewmembers. In the performance of his duty Rear Admiral Byrd served in the Navy Department and in various areas outside the continental limits of the United States, employed on special missions on the fighting fronts in Europe and the Pacific. [15], When he returned to the United States from the Arctic, Byrd became a national hero. He was a descendant of one of the First Families of Virginia. Byrd received numerous medals from nongovernmental organizations in honor of his achievements. Admiral Richard E.Byrd, 1888-1957. [18] Balchen claimed that Bennett had confessed to him months after the flight that Byrd and he had not reached the pole. In all assignments his thoroughness, attention to detail, keen discernment, professional judgment and zeal produced highly successful results. He is one of only three persons, one being Admiral David Dixon Porter and the other being arctic explorer Donald Baxter MacMillan, to have been promoted to the rank of rear admiral in the United States Navy without having first held the rank of captain. After their first winter, their expeditions were resumed, and on November 28, 1929, the first flight to the South Pole and back was launched. The fantastic speed with which the world is shrinking – recalled the admiral – is one of the most important lessons learned during his recent Antarctic exploration. Byrd was, however, able to make a valuable contribution, as his expertise in aerial navigation resulted in his appointment to plan the flight path of the mission. Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) was an American naval officer and explorer. As recently as the 1940s there have been claims of an inhabited inner world – perhaps none more high profile than those made by Admiral Richard Byrd following Operation Highjump in 1947. The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Award of the Legion of Merit to Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (NSN: 0–7918), United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States as Confidential Advisor to the Commander in Chief, United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations from March 26, 1942 to May 10, 1942, August 14, 1942 to August 26, 1943, and from December 6, 1943 to October 1, 1945. Legacy.com enhances online obituaries with Guest Books, funeral home information, and florist links. Bennett, though, had started a memoir, given numerous interviews, and wrote an article for an aviation magazine about the flight before his death that all confirmed Byrd's version of the flight. Richard E. Byrd Jr., son of the polar explorer, died of malnutrition and dehydration brought on by Alzheimer's disease, the state medical examiner … 1917. For distinguishing himself conspicuously by courage and intrepidity at the risk of his life, in demonstrating that it is possible for aircraft to travel in continuous flight from a now inhabited portion of the earth over the North Pole and return. Byrd spent only one week in the Antarctic, and started his return to the United States on February 3, 1956. Balchen, whose knowledge of arctic flight operations proved invaluable, was the primary pilot on Byrd's flight to the South Pole in 1929. On 11 March 1962, the fifth anniversary of the Admiral's death, the New Zealand National Memorial to Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd was dedicated at Wellington. With the recent reports of pyramids being found in Antarctica, I went back and looked at the history of the region and the mysteries linked to the frozen land. On March 31, 1934, during a regularly scheduled broadcast, Admiral Byrd was awarded the CBS Medal for Distinguished Contribution to Radio. (April 1, 1934). The man who found the entrance to hollow earth? Richard E. Byrd Jr., son of the polar explorer, died of malnutrition and dehydration brought on by Alzheimer's disease, the state medical examiner said Thursday. Unlike the 1926 flight, this expedition was honored with the gold medal of the American Geographical Society. [43] He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Operation Highjump was a multinational effort led by the United States to establish a base at the North Pole. By the time he died, Byrd had amassed 22 citations and special commendations, nine of which were for bravery and two for extraordinary heroism in saving the lives of others. U.S. Navy Register of Commissioned Officers. – Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd The above two statements by the greatest explorer in modern times, Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd of the United States Navy, cannot be understood nor make any sense according to old geographical theories that the earth is a solid sphere with a fiery core, on which both North and South Poles are fixed points. King had also said that Byrd's death wasn't a hate-fueled murder but a drug deal gone awry. [42], Admiral Byrd died in his sleep of a heart ailment at the age of 68 on March 11, 1957, at his home at 7 Brimmer Street in the Beacon Hill neighborhood in Boston. Also in 1929, he received the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution. [50], Byrd was inducted into the International Air and Space Hall of Fame at the San Diego Air and Space Museum in 1968.[51]. The film shows live-action footage of the operation, along with a few re-enacted scenes. 1, Washington, DC, on March 19, 1921, and affiliated with Kane Lodge No. Admiral Byrd was interviewed by Lee van Atta of International News Service aboard the expedition's command ship USS Mount Olympus, in which he discussed the lessons learned from the operation. Byrd's short-wave relay broadcasts, from his second Antarctic expedition, established a new chapter of communication history. Byrd took a sextant reading of the Sun at 7:07:10 GCT. Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, historic American icon famous for his explorations of the Earth’s polar extremities, was widely regarded during his lifetime as a pioneer and hero. Richard E. Byrd Middle School in Sun Valley, California, is named after Admiral Byrd. Although he was allowed to remain at the Academy, his injuries eventually led to his forced retirement from the Navy in 1916. In 1958, Norwegian-American aviator and explorer Bernt Balchen cast doubt on Byrd's claim on the basis of his knowledge of the airplane's speed. Talking about the recently completed expedition, Byrd said that the most important result of his observations and discoveries is the potential effect that they have in relation to the security of the United States. "Before he was Admiral Byrd," Swartz told me, "he was Richard Evelyn Byrd, Jr. and he was born in 1888. Richard was born on August 13 1860. He had disappeared Sept. 13 after boarding a train from Boston to attend ceremonies in Washington honoring his father, Adm. Richard E. Byrd, who flew over the North Pole in 1926 and later led a series of expeditions to Antarctica. As he was only 41 years old at the time, this promotion made Byrd the youngest admiral in the history of the United States Navy. On his second expedition in 1934, Byrd spent five winter months alone operating a meteorological station, Advance Base, from which he narrowly escaped with his life after suffering carbon monoxide poisoning from a poorly ventilated stove. His next assignment was to the gunboat USS Dolphin, which also served as the yacht of the Secretary of the Navy. [33] By way of comparison, none of his Annapolis classmates became admirals until 1942, after 30 years of commissioned service. 454, New York City, September 18, 1928. Biographical Fast Facts . With the USS Bear, he penetrated unknown and dangerous seas where important discoveries were made; in addition to which he made four noteworthy flights, resulting in the discovery of new mountain ranges, islands, more than a hundred thousand square miles of area, a peninsula and 700 miles of hitherto unknown stretches of the Antarctic coast. 2 Timothy 4:7-8 "I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith." These included the David Livingstone Centenary Medal of the American Geographical Society, the Loczy Medal of the Hungarian Geographical Society, the Vega Medal of the Swedish Geographical Society, and the Elisha Kent Kane Medal of the Philadelphia Geographical Society. He was the brother of Virginia Governor and U.S. Byrd used New Zealand as his departure point for several of his Antarctic expeditions. Arriving over France the next day, they were prevented from landing in Paris by cloud cover; they returned to the coast of Normandy and crash-landed near the beach at Ver-sur-Mer (known as Gold Beach during the Normandy Invasion on June 6, 1944) without fatalities on July 1, 1927. He was also a member of numerous other patriotic, scientific, and charitable organizations, including the Explorers Club, the American Legion, and the National Geographic Society. After a further summer of exploration, the expedition returned to North America on June 18, 1930. He was then recalled to active duty and was assigned to the Office of Naval Operations and served in a desk job as secretary and organizer of the Navy Department Commission on Training Camps. It was decided that only men who had not served overseas were be allowed on the mission. Byrd was then assigned to the ill-fated dirigible ZR-2 (formerly known by the British designation of R-38). All told, this remarkable book is the definitive biography of Richard E. The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Flying Cross to Commander Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (NSN: 0–7918), United States Navy, for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight; in recognition of his courage, resourcefulness and skill as Commander of the expedition which flew the airplane "America" from New York City to France from June 29 to July 1, 1927, across the Atlantic Ocean under extremely adverse weather conditions which made a landing in Paris impossible; and finally for his discernment and courage in directing his plane to a landing at Ver sur Mer, France, without serious injury to his personnel, after a flight of 39 hours and 56 minutes. Register of Commissiond and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy, 1915. p. 64. Note – The dates on the table below are the year the award was received and not necessarily the year of the actions the award recognizes. As fate would have it, Byrd missed his train to take him to the airship on August 24, 1921. An autopsy will be performed to determine the cause of death, according to Deputy Coroner Joseph Bailey. In 1927, the Boy Scouts of America made Byrd an Honorary Scout, a new category of scout created that same year. Admiral Byrd was one of the most highly decorated officers in the history of the United States Navy. He was an intrepid fellow, and if anyone could have made it to some kind of inner Earth it was him. He was assigned state membership number 605 and national membership number 50430. He is, probably, the only individual to receive the Medal of Honor, Navy Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Silver Life Saving Medal. [1] He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the highest honor for valor given by the United States, and was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics. Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United States Antarctic Service Expedition, Officer, Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, List of Medal of Honor recipients during peacetime, "Self-Isolated at the End of the World – Alone in the long Antarctic night, Adm. Richard E. Byrd endured the ultimate in social distancing", https://detroithistorical.org/learn/encyclopedia-of-detroit/ford-edsel, "The Atlantic Challenge: Flight of the NC-4", "Squantum Twenty Years Old: Aviation site since 1911", "Byrd's Heroic 1926 Flight & Its Faked Last Leg", "The Polar Flap: Byrd's Flight Confirmed", "Concise chronology of approach to the poles", "Why We May Wait 20 Years for Ocean Airliners", "Byrd is Honored by Santo Domingo; Explorer Gets Medal of the Order of Columbus at Ceremony at Republic's Embassy", "Valor awards for Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cd4HTZJUeMM, "Admiral Byrd Dies at 68. Byrd, Balchen, Acosta, and Noville flew from Roosevelt Field, East Garden City, New York, in the America on June 29, 1927. Byrd attended the Virginia Military Institute for two years and spent one year at the University of Virginia before financial circumstances inspired his transfer to the United States Naval Academy, where he was appointed as a midshipman on May 28, 1908. Mr. Byrd apparently got off the train in Baltimore and began wandering, Mr. Smialek said. The interview appeared in the Wednesday, March 5, 1947, edition of the Chilean newspaper El Mercurio, and read in part: Admiral Richard E. Byrd warned today that the United States should adopt measures of protection against the possibility of an invasion of the country by hostile planes coming from the polar regions. In 1931, Byrd became a compatriot of the Tennessee Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. The armada arrived in the Ross Sea on December 31, 1946, and made aerial explorations of an area half the size of the United States, recording 10 new mountain ranges. United States Naval Academy Midshipman – May 28, 1908 (Class of 1912), First Distinguished Service Medal citation, Second Distinguished Service Medal citation. The airship broke apart in midair, killing 44 of 49 crew members on board. Richard lived in Berryville, Virginia 22611, USA. I was reminded of a name. AKA Harry Flood Byrd. In 1928, Byrd began his first expedition to the Antarctic involving two ships and three airplanes: Byrd's flagship was the City of New York (a Norwegian sealing ship previously named Samson that had come into fame as a ship some claimed was in the vicinity of the Titanic when the latter was sinking) and the Eleanor Bolling (named after Byrd's mother); a Ford Trimotor airplane called the Floyd Bennett (named after the recently deceased pilot of Byrd's previous expeditions) flown by Dean Smith; a Fairchild FC-2W2, NX8006, built 1928, named Stars And Stripes (now displayed at the Virginia Aviation Museum, on loan from the National Air and Space Museum); and a Fokker Universal monoplane called the Virginia (Byrd's birth state). Of the three flying boats (NC-1, NC-3, and NC-4) that started from Newfoundland, only Lieutenant Commander Albert Read's NC-4 completed the trip on May 18, 1919, achieving the first transatlantic flight.[13]. Report of the Adjutant General of Rhode Island. In 1946, Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal appointed Byrd as officer in charge of Antarctic Developments Project. Byrd commanded the aviation unit of the arctic expedition to North Greenland led by Donald B. MacMillan from June to October 1925. [2] He is also known for discovering Mount Sidley, the largest dormant volcano in Antarctica. He was a member of National Sojourners Chapter No. 1929. The state medical examiner has ruled that Alzheimer's disease contributed to the death of Richard E. Byrd Jr., 68, son of famed polar explorer Adm. Richard E. Byrd. Father: Richard Evelyn Byrd Brother: Richard E. Byrd (polar explorer) Wife: Anne Douglas Beverage (m. 7-Oct-1913) Son: Harry F. Byrd, Jr. Richard E. Byrd, in full Richard Evelyn Byrd, (born October 25, 1888, Winchester, Virginia, U.S.—died March 11, 1957, Boston, Massachusetts), U.S. naval officer, pioneer aviator, and polar explorer best known for his explorations of Antarctica using airplanes and other modern technical resources. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. Byrd was one of several aviators who attempted to win the Orteig Prize in 1927 for making the first nonstop flight between the United States and France. Aircraft flights in which he served as a navigator and expedition leader crossed the Atlantic Ocean, a segment of the Arctic Ocean, and a segment of the Antarctic Plateau. He was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa as an honorary member at the University of Virginia. On December 8, 1954, Byrd appeared on the television show Longines Chronoscope. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant (junior grade) on June 8, 1915. Richard's cause of death was malnutrition and dehydration related to alzheimer's disease. 1929-11-04 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould and their polar expedition team begin a 2½ month, 1500-mile dog-sledge journey into the Queen Maud Mountains. He was recalled on active duty on March 26, 1942 and served as the confidential advisor to Admiral Ernest J. After flying some distance beyond this point he returned to his base at Little America. In 1958. the Richard Byrd library, part of the Fairfax County Public Library system opened in Springfield, Virginia. [10], Shortly after the entry of the United States into the First World War in April 1917, Byrd oversaw the mobilization of the Rhode Island Naval Militia. He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the highest honor for valor given by the United States, and was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics. The Institute of Polar Studies at the Ohio State University officially changed its name to the Byrd Polar Research Center (BPRC) on January 21, 1987, after it acquired Byrd's expeditionary records, personal papers, and other memorabilia in 1985 from the estate of Marie A. Byrd, the late wife of Admiral Byrd. [6] While at the Naval Academy, he suffered two injuries to his right ankle (one was by playing football and the other was while dismounting gymnastic rings during a competition). Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) was an American naval officer and explorer. As a senior officer in the United States Navy, Byrd served on active duty during World War II. Born: 25-Oct-1888 Birthplace: Winchester, VA Died: 11-Mar-1957 Location of death: Boston, MA Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Explorer Nationality: United States Executive summary: Arctic and Antarctic explorer ⁣The biggest secret is that everyone lives here and you are powerful. Other recipients include Robert Peary, Roald Amundsen, and Charles Lindbergh. The others were Admiral George Dewey, General John J. Pershing, and Admiral William T. Sampson. Legacy.com is the leading provider of online obituaries for the newspaper industry. It is also commemorated in a U.S. postage stamp issued at the time, and a considerable amount of mail using it was sent from Byrd's base at Little America. Byrd Elementary School on April 5, 1960. 1919. p. 406. They usually refer to data extracted from death indexes and death certificates, therefore they include personal details about the deceased (Name, Time of Death, Cause of Death, Place of Death). As the plane was being repaired, Charles Lindbergh won the prize by completing his historic flight on May 21, 1927. By late 1924, the Byrd family moved into a large brownstone house at 9 Brimmer Street in Boston's fashionable Beacon Hill neighborhood[3] that had been purchased by Marie's father, a wealthy industrialist. In 1929, Byrd received the Silver Buffalo Award from the Boy Scouts of America. matthew pemberton says: August 20, 2020 at 7:26 pm The younger Richard was a graduate of Milton Academy and Harvard College.. Military career. [30] Acosta and Balchen did not receive the Distinguished Flying Cross because, at that time, it could only be awarded to members of the armed services and not to civilians. As a token of his gratitude, Byrd named geographic features in the Antarctic after his supporters. San Francisco Death Records, 1865-1904 digitized microfilm of mortuary or death registers/indexes (1865-June 1904 with gaps), and death certificates (July-December 1904 only) from FamilySearch; images only/not searchable by name; some years are missing [12] During this expedition, Byrd made the acquaintance of Navy Chief Aviation Pilot Floyd Bennett and Norwegian pilot Bernt Balchen. The admiral explained that he was not trying to scare anyone, but the cruel reality is that in case of a new war, the United States could be attacked by planes flying over one or both poles. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. The name was changed to R.E. In 1930, Byrd was awarded a gold medal by Kane Lodge.[45][46]. His wallet, luggage and other personal property were missing. Richard E. Byrd. [21][22], Accepting that the conflicting data in the typed report's flight times indeed require both northward and southward ground speeds greater than the flight's 85-mph airspeed, a Byrd defender posits a westerly-moving anticyclone that tailwind-boosted Byrd's ground speed on both outward and inward legs, allowing the distance claimed to be covered in the time claimed (the theory is based on rejecting handwritten sextant data in favor of typewritten alleged dead-reckoning data[23][24]). Byrd was 6 years old when his father, Adm. Richard Evelyn Byrd, reached the North Pole, and in the 1940s, joined the admiral on an expedition to the South Pole. In this service Admiral Byrd exercised fine leadership in gaining the united effort of civilian, Army, and Navy experts. From 1942 to 1945 he joined the South Pacific Island Base Inspection Board, which had important missions to the Pacific, including surveys of remote islands for airfields. The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Legion of Merit to Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (NSN: 0–7918), United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States while in command of a Special Navy Mission to the Pacific from August 27, 1943, to December 5, 1943, when thirty-three islands of the Pacific were surveyed or investigated for the purpose of recommending air base sites of value to the United States for its defense or for the development of post-war civil aviation. THE STORY OF BYRD AS AN EXPLORER BEGINS In the interest of disclosure, I also contributed a few chapters to "Secret Exploits of Admiral Richard E. Byrd," including a Q and A with Tim R. Swartz, Beckley's resident expert on all things Byrd. … Prior to his death … Prior to his death in 1957, I The men remained at Advance Base until October 12. when an airplane from the base camp picked up Dr. Poulter and Byrd. It’s a name that many in the […] In recognition of his service during World War II, Byrd was twice awarded the Legion of Merit.[38]. Thirteen US Navy support ships (besides the flagship USS Mount Olympus and the aircraft carrier USS Philippine Sea), six helicopters, six flying boats, two seaplane tenders, and 15 other aircraft was used. On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook, the great English explorer and navigator, is killed by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island Richard married Marie Evelyn Byrd (born Donaldson Ames) on month day 1915, at age 26. Congress passed a special act on December 21, 1926, promoting him to the rank of commander and awarding both Floyd Bennett and him the Medal of Honor. Appointed from: Virginia. In addition, he received the Medal of Honor, the Silver Lifesaving Medal, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Navy Cross. This was also seen in the film With Byrd at the South Pole (1930), which covered his trip there. He rendered valuable service as Secretary and Organizer of the Navy Department Commission on Training Camps, and trained men in aviation in the ground school in Pensacola, and in charge of rescue parties and afterwards in charge of air forces in Canada. He wore a green worker's uniform and one shoe. Siple went on to earn an doctorate and was probably the only person, other than Byrd himself, to participate in all five of Byrd's Antarctic expeditions. He was the seventh recipient of the prestigious Hubbard Medal awarded by the National Geographic Society for his flight to the North Pole. His ancestors include planter John Rolfe and his wife Pocahontas, William Byrd II of Westover Plantation, who established Richmond, and Robert "King" Carter, a colonial governor. Born: October 25, 1888, Winchester, Va. His papers served as the nucleus for establishment of the BPRC Polar Archival Program in 1990. Byrd and Noville were awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross by Secretary of the Navy Curtis D. Wilbur at the dinner. Byrd was a native of Marion County and production scheduler for Anaconda Aluminum Co. He was interviewed by Larry LeSueur and Kenneth Crawford about his Antarctic voyages, and claimed that Antarctica, in the future, would become the most important place in the world for science. The innovative Antarctic Snow Cruiser was brought with the expedition, but broke down shortly after arriving. Later discovery of Byrd's diary suggests they may have turned back 150 miles short of the pole due to an oil leak. Clarence "Richard" Byrd, 89, went to be with his Lord and Savior January 23, 2020. Richard had one brother: Harry Flood Byrd. US Senator from Virginia, 1933-65. Byrd and Bennett were presented with Tiffany Cross versions of the Medal of Honor on March 5, 1927, at the White House by President Calvin Coolidge. Admiral Richard E. Byrd United States Navy 24 December 1956 —– End Of Quote —– It was in the following year after the above lines were supposedly written, that Admiral Richard E. Byrd died at the age of sixty-nine or seventy.