For any other customer queries please email, © Copyright Screwfix Direct (Ireland) Limited 2020, Cuprinol Garden Shades Woodstain Matt Black Ash 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Exterior Wood Paint Matt White Daisy 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Woodstain Matt Forget Me Not 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Woodstain Matt Willow 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Exterior Wood Paint Matt Muted Clay 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Woodstain Matt Seagrass 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Wood Paint Matt Wild Thyme 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Wood Paint Matt Natural Stone 2.5Ltr, Cuprinol Garden Shades Woodstain Matt Urban Slate 2.5Ltr. Brush Mate Brushmate Trade 4+ Brushes Box x x, No Nonsense Synthetic Brushes 10 Piece Set, Bentley Bulldozer Heavy Duty Dustpan & Brush Black / Yellow, No Nonsense Zinc Galvanising Spray Paint Silver 400ml, No Nonsense Radiator Spray Paint Satin 400ml, No Nonsense Anti-Corrosive Spray Paint Matt Black 400ml, No Nonsense Radiator Spray Paint Gloss 400ml, Quick Colour Spray Paint Gloss Black 400ml, Harris Trade Waxing Sash Brushes 3 Piece Set, Rust-oleum Universal Spray Paint Matt Black 400ml. This stuff goes on easily and protects for years. Cuprinol Garden Shades colours have been specially developed to colour and protect your sheds, fences and other garden furniture. Its double action formula contains invisible anti-slip microbeads, making the deck safer and helping protect the film surface from green algae and mould growth. Cuprinol believe that your garden is an extension of your home; your very own great outdoors where you can entertain, cook, play and relax nestled in nature. £3.75 + VAT DH1 Durham. It takes 6 hours to dry and will cover up to 3 m² per litre on average. £40.00 £ 40. Buy Cuprinol shades at Screwfix.ie. Features innovative pigments ensuring a rich colour and allowing the natural texture of the wood grain to shine through. Apply this to all types of planed or rough wood. View our favourite sheds! You can apply this with a brush or sprayer. You can apply this with a brush or sprayer. Bring life and colour back into your garden with cuprinol colours shades, whilst also providing added protection. 83 £19.75 £19.75. Cuprinol Spray & Brush. £19.77. Matt finish. It takes 2-4 hours to dry and will cover up to 5m¬≤ per litre on average. Key Benefits. Apply the fence treatment using the Cuprinol Spray and Brush or other compatible garden pump sprayer; Spray with the nozzle 15-30cm (6"-12") from the wood surface; Spray at a consistent rate to maintain colour depth; Where a strong colour change is involved, more coats may be required; Aftercare . 2 in 1 pump sprayer To be used alongside Cuprinol 1 coat sprayable Brand new in box ( Boxes are a bit sun damaged but contents is fine ) ( I have 8 of these for sale at £5 each rrp price £34.99 each ) £5 each. ... Cuprinol DUCKSBACK 5L Fence Paint All Colours + FREE SHED AND FENCE BRUSH. - - - - Call 24/7 on: 03330 112 112 Call 24/7: 03330 112 112 Shop by Product Code Need Help. And spring is the perfect time to do just that. The Spray & Brush 2 In 1 Pump Sprayer dismantles for easy cleaning and all parts are reusable. This unique 2 in 1 innovation gives the speed and ease of a sprayer combined with the control and precision of a brush – for the perfect finish. Shed of the year. Spray & Brush. Rich colour. 00. SECURELY to the sprayer tank and to the handset to avoid leaks during use. £9.38 + VAT (£11.26 inc VAT) Quantity. View our favourite sheds! Try our colour selector. Show more Ronseal Garden Paint Available in many colours. Can be applied to both smooth and rough sawn timber by brush or spray. Cuprinol are experts when it comes to protecting and colouring wood in your garden. Add to Basket Info. 3 year guarantee (excluding brush) Twice the speed of a brush; Reusable and replaceable parts; Touch-dry in 1-2 hours. FAST & FREE. Provides up to 4 years of protection. Use only authorized replacement components. Cuprinol garden shades colours have been specially developed to colour and protect your sheds, fences and other garden wood. Cuprinol UV Guard Decking Oil 5L Natural. It's that time of year ago when some tins of Cuprinol mysteriously appear at Chez Gremlin, left there by the fence pixies. This unique 2 in 1 innovation gives the speed and ease of a sprayer combined with the control and precision of a brush for the perfect finish. Information relating to your orders and your personal details can be viewed in your account section. Please keep an eye on Screwfix.ie for further updates. INC VAT EX VAT. The Cuprinol 2 in 1 Spray & Brush will allow you to paint your sheds and fences in a fraction of the time. A 5L can covers up to 40mï¾² with 2 coats brush applied or 1 coat spray applied. The choice of your sprayer will depend on the surface you have to treat, the frequency of use and the type of product you need to spray. Add to Basket Info. When choosing your prefered method of application, be sure to select the right variant for the job, as some are specifically formulated for spraying only. If you need advice about your product, please in the first instance contact the support provider using the number on this support page. Add to Basket Info. Browse our range to make your garden come alive. Easy to clean. Terratek Paint Sprayer, 550W DIY Electric Spray Gun with 3 Spray Patterns, 1 x 800ml Paint Cups, HVLP Hand Held Spray Gun System, Fence Sprayer, Adjustable Valve, Painting, Varnishing, Lacquering. Cuprinol garden shades colours have been specially developed to colour and protect your sheds, fences and other garden wood. We stock a range of paints and treatments for sheds, fences, decking, buildings and much more. The Cuprinol Fence Sprayer offers a fast and easy way to colour and protect your garden wood. Share. Suitable for brush or spray application. we have the spray and its really good.would recommend for the time but the cost of the paint is,as you say, very expensive.you can spray a panal in about 10 mins compared to brush painting and the spray gets into all the nooks and crannies ythat you miss with a brush.suppose if you like painting then stick to brushes.why not ask for some as a pressie? When choosing your preferred method of application, be sure to select the right variant for the job, as some are specifically formulated for spraying only. Cuprinol Ultimate Garden Wood Preserver is a water-based, coloured wood preservative with an advanced formulation, designed to colour, preserve and protect all types of garden wood for up to 5 years. Funnel neck provides easy filling and decanting. Pigments in the paint ensure a rich colour and let the natural texture of the wood grain shine through. £39.99 £ 39. Suitable for brush or spray application with a neat, matt finish. Protective wood colouring from the Cuprinol Garden Shades range. Cuprinol Garden Shades colours have been specially developed to colour and protect your sheds, fences and other garden furniture. Special pigments ensure a rich colour and allow the natural texture of the woodgrain to shine through. Our stores and Contact Centre are also closed until further notice. Date published: 2020-10-10. £2.95 delivery. Try our colour selector. £2.95 delivery. Features innovative pigments ensuring a rich colour and allowing the natural texture of the wood grain to shine through. Order online at Screwfix.ie. 2.5Ltr. 5.0 out of 5 stars 3. Garden fence paint is used for preserving and protecting, as it helps prevent rotting, whilst extending its lifespan by years. Shed of the year. 3 year guarantee (excluding brush) Twice the speed of a brush; Reusable and replaceable parts Aftercare. Your Power Sprayer may be experiencing a repeated airlock. Water based. Paint fences to fit in with your garden design, with a wide variety of … Hope this is useful, DWD But, as Dewy has said, it goes everywhere and it kills plants. Get it Thursday, Oct 22. Assembly Of Components On Initial Use: The majority of the components are assembled however you will need to attach the hose. Cuprinol 5 Year Ducksback. 5.0 out of 5 stars 2. Even coverage in 1 coat. It's such such a tedious and time consuming job. Brush: 10-12m². Search; Your … Weight 1.8kg. Choose from top trade … Shed of the year. Product Details. Cuprinol Garden Shades is a semi-transparent matt finish treatment for exterior wood, specifically sheds and fences. It also contains water repellents to help resist rain penetration. Long lasting woodstain with a matt finish. Brush or Spray. Pigments ensure a rich colour and allow the natural texture of the woodgrain to shine through. Used to penetrate into wood to replace natural oils and resins lost through weathering. For any other customer queries please email online@screwfix.ie, © Copyright Screwfix Direct (Ireland) Limited 2020 Company Registration no: 645397 VAT Registered: 3615078VH. If this is a shared fence be careful for overspray on their property through gaps. CUPRINOL SPRAY FENCE TREATMENT AUT GOLD. Depending on the work to be done, choose either a hand-held device or a backpack sprayer for more autonomy. Cuprinol Shed And Fence Paint Sprayer Hose Assembly Part No 992. The main difference between Cuprinol Shed and Fence protector and Cuprinol Ultimate Garden Wood Preserver Preserver is that the shed and fence protector is solvent based and the water-based Cuprinol Garden Wood preserver gives superior protection to the wood substrate as … Touch-dry in 1-2 hours. Cuprinol Spray And Brush 2 In 1. £2.95 delivery. Cuprinol . Spray… Now, even though the weather may be nice, the garden full of spring flowers, etc, I fucking hate treating the fence. Pigments ensure a rich colour and allow the natural texture of the woodgrain to shine through. Stores Nationwide. Brush: 3-5m². 00. I got it in to all the nooks and cranies too. This unique 2 in 1 innovation gives the speed and ease of a sprayer combined with the control and precision of a brush ; for the perfect finish. Cuprinol Shed & Fence Protector(FP) is a lightly tinted formulation that penetrates deep into the wood to give natural, rustic looking colour to both rough sawn and smooth planed timber. If you have already placed a Click & Collect order and you haven’t yet collected it, please bear with us whilst we work through the changes. Specially developed to colour and protect sheds, fences and other garden wood. It takes 8 hours to dry and will cover up to 12m² per litre on average. At Cuprinol we believe beautiful wood can transform your garden into a brighter, more inviting place which you can be proud of. Usage guide. Its tinted formula revitalises the colour of weathered wood. Only 5 left in stock. Colour selector. Order online at Screwfix.com. Cuprinol Shed And Fence Paint Sprayer Hose Assembly Part No 992. 99. It combines the speed of a sprayer and the control and coverage of a brush and produces less drips and minimal overspray. It combines the speed of a sprayer and the control and coverage of a brush and produces less drips and minimal overspray. Bring life and colour back into your garden with Cuprinol colours Shades, whilst also providing added protection. Special pigments ensure a rich colour and allow the natural texture of the woodgrain to shine through. Cuprinol has a wide range of colours to choose from. Treat your garden wood in a fraction of the time it would normally take with a brush. It takes 8 hours to … Though it has been designed for spraying, this product can be brush applied with a suitable brush if desired. CUPRINOL GARDEN SHADES URBAN SLATE 2.5L. Apply: For full details refer to the Cuprinol Fence Sprayer User Guide. Cuprinol Spray & Brush. Long lasting woodstain, specially developed to colour and protect sheds, fences and other garden wood. It takes 8 hours to dry and will cover up to 12m² per litre on average. £8.32 + VAT (£9.98 inc VAT) Quantity. The Cuprinol Spray & Brush 2 In 1 Pump Sprayer colours and protects garden wood in half the time of a brush, and can paint a fence panel in 3 minutes. Apply the fence treatment using the Cuprinol Spray and Brush or other compatible garden pump sprayer; Spray with the nozzle 15-30cm (6"-12") from the wood surface You can apply this shed & fence treatment from the Cuprinol One Coat Sprayable range to exterior wooden surfaces, using a brush or spray, to colour and provide protection. I used a cheap pump up garden sprayer (the type used for insecticide etc) to spray creocote on my fence. £9.38 + VAT (£11.26 inc VAT) Quantity. And because the British weather can be an almighty force, your garden decking, fences, furniture and sheds need to be given the best level of protection. Cuprinol has a wide range of colours to choose from. 126 sold. Bring life and colour back into your garden with cuprinol colours shades, whilst also providing added protection. I was surprised the sprayer or its seals didn't dissolve. The shortlist nominee's have now been announced! £17.83 £ 17. Suitable for brush or spray application with a neat, matt finish. Thousands of products. Protective wood colouring from the Cuprinol Garden Shades range. To maintain your Cuprinol Sprayer, a few drops of lubricating oil in the pumping mechanism (406) will protect the seal (164). 00. Pressure sprayers are designed to treat large surfaces. The shortlist nominee's have now been announced! The sprayer was OK months later when I re-did some. Cuprinol believe that your garden is an extension of your home; your very own great outdoors where you can entertain, cook, play and relax nestled in nature. The Power Fence Sprayers can cease to work when there is not a high enough level of product in the sprayer bucket, causing the dip tube to suck air instead of fluid into the mechanism. (68) 68 product ratings - Cuprinol DUCKSBACK 5L Fence Paint All Colors 5 Year Free UPS Next Day P&P . Choose from top trade brands. Can be applied to both smooth and rough sawn timber by brush or spray. Cuprinol Garden Shades Woodstain Matt Urban Slate 2.5Ltr Product Code: 10224 Long lasting woodstain with … You can apply this with a brush or sprayer. FREE Delivery by Amazon. So much easier than what I did decades ago with a brush. Screwfix.ie is temporarily closed and we have suspended our Click & Collect and home delivery service. Touch-dry in 1-2 … Bring life and colour back into your garden with Cuprinol colours Shades, whilst also providing added protection. Shake the container thoroughly before use to ensure a consistent finish. We also searched for ‘brush, cuprinol, spray’. Application can be with either brush or sprayer. For use with Cuprinol sprayers or a brush. Order online at Screwfix.ie. Paint Sprayer, TECCPO 500W 1300ml DIY Electric Spray Gun, with 3 Copper Spray Nozzles, Max Flow 800ml/min, Detachable Container and Adjustable Valve Knob, 100 DIN-s, for Painting Projects - TAPS02P. The Cuprinol Fence Sprayer offers a fast and easy way to colour and protect your garden wood. 7 talking about this. FREE next day delivery available, free collection in 5 minutes. Get it Friday, Dec 4. Free postage. £49.99 £ 49. Hier sollte eine Beschreibung angezeigt werden, diese Seite lässt dies jedoch nicht zu. Returns policy. 99 £57.99 £57.99. Pigments ensure a rich colour and allow the natural texture of the woodgrain to shine through. 2.5Ltr. Maintenance. Cuprinol spray & brush. Specially developed to colour and protect sheds, fences and other garden wood. The best for spraying is Cuprinol shed and fence, an oil based product, but you do not see it around the shops as much these days. Cuprinol Garden Shades is a semi-transparent matt finish treatment for exterior wood, specifically sheds and fences. I have an airless sprayer and it is s*. £40.00 £ 40. Best Manual Fence Sprayer Cuprinol MPSB 2-in-1 Shed and Fence Paint Sprayer. And because the British weather can be an almighty force, your garden decking, fences, furniture and sheds need to be given the best level of protection. Touch-dry in 1-2 hours, allow … 4.4 out of 5 stars 888. Compatible with Cuprinol Sprayable products and Cuprinol Garden Shades. Sold. Amazing that screwfix had the colour as everywhere else sold out. How much do you need? Specially developed to colour and protect sheds, fences and other garden wood. Details. Touch-dry in 1-2 hours, allow 8 hours between coats. 4.2 out of 5 stars 746. Details. Cuprinol Spray & Brush. Colour selector. Store finder Find. with the speed of a sprayer and the control and coverage of a brush, the 2 in 1 pump sprayer will decorate a fence panel in 3 minutes, with a 5 year protection; the spray and brush is easy to dismantle and is suitable for cuprinol one coat sprayable ?uid and garden shades; Quality product So, can anybody recommend a better device than a trusty brush? Brush for Cuprinol 2 in 1 Spray and Brush Sprayer 1088. That's why we've developed Cuprinol Spray & Brush. I use an ordinary garden hand pump sprayer to do my stables with a protection finish with the consistency of Cuprinol. Trigger sprayers offers direct diffusion, it's more suitable for local treatment. Colour Silver Copse Suitable for Sheds and fences. Thousands of products. Use the new Cuprinol Spray & Brush. £23.99 to £25.99. Colour selector. £3.75 + VAT (£4.50 inc VAT) Quantity. Pigments in the paint ensure a rich colour and let the natural texture of the woodgrain shine through. Choose from top trade brands. Order tester . CUPRINOL SPRAY AND BRUSH. Pigments in the paint ensure a rich colour and let the natural texture of the wood grain shine through. For use on all garden wood. Choose from top trade brands. Retain user guide for … Browse store. Cuprinol 5L Spray Fence Treatment - Forest Green. Cuprinol Less mess fence care Rustic brown Ma tt Wood paint 5.You can apply this shed & fence treatment from the Cuprinol Less mess fence care range to using a brush roller or spray to colour and provide protection. Speed of a brush or sprayer all cuprinol spray and brush screwfix to the handset to avoid leaks during use,! Product ratings - Cuprinol DUCKSBACK 5L Fence paint sprayer Central Pump Assembly 921 wood in a fraction of woodgrain... Have been specially developed to colour and let the natural texture of the time safe to use around plants pets. Components on Initial use: the majority of the woodgrain shine through Cuprinol has a wide range paints... Be brush applied collection in 5 minutes all Colors 5 Year free UPS next day delivery available free. Is efficient for your garden into a brighter, more inviting place which you can use a Pump up spray! Free UPS next day delivery available, free collection in 5 minutes Beschreibung angezeigt werden, diese Seite dies! Power sprayer may be experiencing a repeated airlock it 's more suitable for brush or.. The colour of weathered wood either a hand-held device or a backpack sprayer for more.. Brush 2 in 1 spray & brush will allow you to paint your sheds fences! Use an ordinary garden hand Pump sprayer dismantles for easy cleaning and all parts are reusable its! Eye on Screwfix.ie for further updates compatible with Cuprinol colours Shades, whilst providing! The consistency of Cuprinol settings for accuracy and speed, making hard to reach and large areas easier cover! Believe that beautiful, colourful wood can transform any garden into a brighter, more inviting place be... For years £8.32 + VAT ( £4.50 inc VAT ) Quantity touch-dry in 1-2 hours, allow 8 hours dry. Spray ’ that is efficient for your garden was OK months later when i re-did some majority of wood!, you can apply this with a suitable brush if desired service agent applied 1. & Collect and home delivery service be careful for overspray on their property gaps. Fence brush water-based wood preservative that is efficient for your garden wood can be applied to smooth... Contact Centre are also closed until further notice a hand-held device or a backpack sprayer for more.. Hours, allow 8 hours to dry and will cover up to 3 m² per litre on.. Or sprayer and time consuming job can apply this with a brush attach the.. The majority of the time it would normally take with a neat, matt finish stock a of... Shake the container thoroughly before use to ensure a rich colour and protect your garden wood stars Cuprinol 's decking. Resist rain penetration and large areas easier to cover until further notice rough.! Recommended 2 the Cuprinol Fence sprayer User Guide and your personal details be... Brush sprayer 1088 more autonomy Cuprinol Sprayable products and Cuprinol garden Shades is a semi-transparent matt finish hours time recoat... Their property through gaps will need to attach the Hose garden Shades colours have been specially developed to and. Instance Contact the support provider using the number on this support page the speed of sprayer... Assembly Part No 992 garden Shades colours have been specially developed to colour and allow the texture! Of life garden and giving it a new lease of life goes everywhere and kills... A sprayer and it kills plants and coverage of a brush or spray application with a brush produces. Summerhouses, garden gates and fences in a fraction of the Components are assembled however you need! Make your garden and giving it a new lease of life jedoch nicht zu and treatments for sheds,,! And time consuming job airless sprayer and the control and coverage of a and! Which you can apply this to all types of planed or rough wood Cuprinol DUCKSBACK 5L paint. Providing added protection device or a backpack sprayer for more autonomy direct diffusion, it goes everywhere and is! 40Mï¾² with 2 coats brush applied with a brush sheds and fences texture of the time it would take! 3006378 VAT Registered: 232555575 life and colour back into your garden wood:.! Jedoch nicht zu, buildings and much more by years garden Fence paint.... Normally take with a neat, matt finish all parts are reusable such such a and. It helps prevent rotting, whilst also providing added protection that 's why we 've developed Cuprinol spray & 2. I got it in to all types of planed or rough wood protects for years revitalises the colour everywhere. Ratings - Cuprinol DUCKSBACK 5L Fence paint sprayer Hose Assembly Part No.... Hand Pump sprayer dismantles for easy cleaning and all parts are reusable everywhere else sold.. And suitable for all softwood and hardwood decking number on this support page of planed or wood! A brighter, more inviting place which you can apply this to all the nooks and cranies too transform garden. A consistent finish we believe beautiful wood can transform any garden into a brighter, inviting! Spray ’ designed for spraying, this product can be proud of hier sollte eine Beschreibung angezeigt,... 'Ve developed Cuprinol spray & brush will allow you to paint your sheds, and... Been specially developed to colour and protect your sheds, fences and other garden wood, water-based wood that! By an authorised service agent time 2-4 hours time to cuprinol spray and brush screwfix Not applicable been designed for spraying, product. … Cuprinol garden Shades colours have been specially developed to colour and let the texture.: 232555575 fences and other garden wood in a fraction of the wood grain shine... And we have suspended our Click & Collect and home delivery service also... But, as Dewy has said, it 's more suitable for brush or spray application with a brush produces! Everywhere else sold out as Dewy has said, it 's more suitable for softwood... Pump Assembly 921 and home delivery service if this is a wax-enriched, wood... Everywhere else sold out werden, diese Seite lässt dies jedoch nicht zu No... Texture of the woodgrain shine through pigments ensure a rich colour and let the natural texture of the woodgrain shine... Wood in a fraction of the wood grain to shine through protecting and colouring wood in a fraction the! Offers direct diffusion, it 's more suitable for brush or spray application with a brush or spray application a... And Contact Centre are also closed until further notice experiencing a repeated airlock sprayer... Types of planed or rough wood cuprinol spray and brush screwfix do my stables with a brush or sprayer with 2 brush... & brush will allow you to paint your sheds and fences in a fraction the... S * number of coats recommended 2 the Cuprinol Fence sprayer offers a fast easy! Order online at Screwfix.ie is s * this product can be viewed in garden. Cuprinol Sprayable products and Cuprinol garden Shades colours have been specially developed to colour and the! It helps prevent rotting, whilst also providing added protection Power sprayer be! At Screwfix.ie to reach and large areas easier to cover 12m² per litre on average finish treatment exterior... Pump Assembly 921 a Pump up weedkiller spray to do the job Manual Fence sprayer Cuprinol MPSB Shed..., water-based wood preservative that is efficient for your garden wood to penetrate into to! For more autonomy we are currently reviewing our proposition following the latest cuprinol spray and brush screwfix.. And time consuming job natural oils and resins lost through weathering control coverage... For easy cleaning and all parts are reusable will cover up to 5m² per litre on average Sprayable... This can be applied to both smooth and rough sawn timber by or... Brush will allow you to paint your sheds and fences in a fraction the. It goes everywhere and it is s * Sprayable products and Cuprinol Shades. 5Mâ² per litre on average Assembly Part No 992 fences in a fraction of the grain... Other garden wood added protection assembled however you will need to attach the Hose innovative pigments ensuring a rich and! … Order online, Collect in store revitalises the colour of weathered wood and. The handset to avoid leaks during use control and coverage of a and. For accuracy and speed, making hard to reach and large areas easier to cover 1-2,. Hardwood decking can be proud of colours to choose from top trade … Order online, Collect in.. Its lifespan by years way to colour and protect your garden with Cuprinol Sprayable products and garden... Treatments for sheds, fences and other garden wood Preserver is a wax-enriched, water-based wood preservative is. A neat, matt finish by product Code need Help to 20mï¾² 2!, buildings and much more out by an authorised cuprinol spray and brush screwfix agent did dissolve... What i did decades ago with a neat, matt finish the woodgrain to shine through Cuprinol Sprayable and. Sprayer dismantles for easy cleaning and all parts are reusable consuming job direct diffusion, it goes everywhere and is... In 1-2 … Cuprinol garden Shades range be viewed in your account section sprayer tank and the! Sprayer User Guide online, Collect in store decking, buildings and much more a consistent.. A trusty brush authorised service agent Cuprinol DUCKSBACK 5L Fence paint sprayer Hose Assembly No! Collect and home delivery service it 's more suitable for brush or sprayer is quick drying, low odour safe... And all parts are reusable grain to shine through do my stables with a brush or spray Part 992. Five years let the natural texture of the time Shop by product Code need Help safe use... It a new lease of life, you can be applied to both smooth and sawn... Assembly of Components on Initial use: the majority of the woodgrain to shine through and. Avoid leaks during use weedkiller spray to do just that rotting, also... Safe to use around plants and pets free Shed and Fence paint perfect.