Nevertheless, Kawi remained in use by the upper-class well into the 15th century. [75] Literacy rates are higher among males (92%) than females (85.4%). Having so many ethnic groups has made Malaysia a multicultural and multilingual society, contributing to diversity and richness of Malaysian national culture. [77] Most Malaysian children start schooling between the ages of three to six, in kindergarten. Except for a one-time "Mexican" race category in 1930, the first attempt to track the population that was "Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American," or "Other Spanish" was in 1970. Population Group Malays (%) All races (%) 2000 2010 2000 2010 Youth Dependency Ratio (YDR) 46.5 31.3 30.9 23.5 Old Dependency Ratio (ODR) 8.6 8.6 10.1 12.2 Total Dependency Ratio (TDR) 55.1 39.9 41.0 35.7 Old Support Ratio (1/ODR) 11.6 11.6 9.9 8.2 Source: G Shantakumar, Singapore Malays in the New Millennium: Demographics and Developmental Perspectives, 2011. Minorities who lack Bumiputra status have established themselves in Malaysia. Other bumiputera minorities to a lesser degree include the Malaysian Siamese, Khmers, Chams, Burmese and the Indian Muslims commonly known as Mamaks. Of the remainders, 0.4% was accounted for by other faiths, including animism, folk religion, and Sikhism, while 1.7% either reported having no religion or did not provide any information. The crude birth rate appears to be leveling off at about 31.3 and the crude death rate at 5.3. The English speakers form a distinct subset within the larger Chinese community, as they are known to have a less Sinocentric mindset, and are rather Westernized in thinking and attitudes. Malaysia has many other non-Malay indigenous people, who are given Bumiputra status. Population distribution by states and territories, Population age distribution trends for 2001–2016. The Chinese population has shrunk from the figures of 1957 when it was about 40% of Malaya, although in absolute numbers they have multiplied around threefold by 2017 in Malaysia (2.4 million in 1957 to 6.6 million in 2017, the later figure include East Malaysia), but dwarfed by the fivefold increase of Malays (from around 3.1 million in 1957 to 15.5 million in 2017). [35] Longhouses are mostly places along the Rajang and Lupar rivers and their tributaries, although many Iban have moved to the cities. According to the Population and Housing Census 2010 figures, approximately 61.3 percent of the population practised Islam; 19.8 percent Buddhism; 9.2 percent Christianity; 6.3 percent Hinduism; and 1.3 percent practise Confucianism, Taoism and other traditional Chinese religions. The annual population growth rate decreased to 0.6 per cent in 2019 as compared to 1.1 per cent in 2018. National secondary schools use Malay as the main language of instruction. The only exceptions are Mathematics and Science and languages other than Malay, however this was only implemented in 2003, prior to which all non-language subjects were taught in Malay. Other minorities include Filipinos and Burmese. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. People of Austronesian origin make up the majority of the population, and are known as the Bumiputras. Because any Malay-speaking Muslim is entitled to Bumiputra privileges, many non-Malay Muslims have adopted the Malay language, customs and attire in the last few decades. Malaysian English, also known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE), is a form of English derived from British English, although there is little official use of the term, except with relation to education. During the British colonial rule, Indian labourers, who were mostly south Indian Tamils from Tamil Nadu and to a lesser extent others in South India, were brought to Malaya to work on sugarcane and coffee plantations, rubber and oil palm estates, construction of buildings, railways, roads and bridges. The culture in this country becomes more colourful due to the various races in Malaysia. [46] English-educated Ceylon Tamils from Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and Malayalees (from Kerala) were brought in to handle white-collar jobs. In 1980 83% of the population lived in Peninsular Malaysia (39% of the land area), and 17% lived in Sabah and Sarawak (61% of the land area). These tribes include the Dayak, the Iban, the Biyaduhs, the Kadazan, and various aboriginal groups. However, the situation has now changed and companies are now exploring this area again, corresponding with the increased number of foreigners entering Malaysia for medical care and the recent government focus on developing the health tourism industry. 1950 47,000. The majority choose to identify themselves as Malay as long as either parent is Malay, mainly due to the legal definition of Bumiputra and the privileges that comes along with it. It takes six years to complete secondary education in Chinese independent schools. Malaysia’s total population in 2016 was 31.7 million persons (Male + Female Population Combined) compared to 3.12 million persons in 2015. 2,703 4,037 14,403 21,944 22,832 24,831 27,358. South East Asian (mongoloid) 5. LABUAN W.P. However, their ancestral land and hunting grounds are commonly reclaimed by the state, shifting them to inferior land and sometimes pushing them out of their traditional way of life. PUTRAJAYA The concept of a Malay race was originally proposed by the German physician Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752–1840), and classified as a brown race. Both ethnicities worked mainly as clerks, public servants, teachers, hospital assistants, doctors and in other skilled professions. Malaysia [Population education in countries of the region]. [86] Another issue is the overperscription of drugs, though this has decreased in recent years. The total population was 28.3 million of which 91.8 per cent were Malaysian citizens and 8.2 per cent were non-citizens. [44] Indians were brought in to Malaysia during the British colonial period in late 18th century and early 19th centuries. Malaysian Chinese people or Chinese Malaysians (Chinese: 馬來西亞華人; Malay: Orang Cina Malaysia), are a local ethnic group in Malaysia.The group is defined as Malaysian citizens of Chinese (Han Chinese) ethnicity.Today, they form the second largest ethnic group after the Malay majority, constituting 23% of the Malaysian population. They illustrate information from the World Bank data from 2016 on the population, wealth and economy of Malaysia compared with other ASEAN countries and some major global markets and economies: US, EU, China, … 1950 262,000. Most Chinese are Tao Buddhist and retain strong cultural ties to their ancestral homeland. 11.8% of the Malaysian population is comprised by other non-Malay indigenous groups who have also been given Bumiputra status. Some of the Muslims of South Asian (Indian) ancestry have intermarried with the Malay Muslims and become integrated in Malaysia. The Malaysian health care system requires doctors to perform a compulsory three years service with public hospitals to ensure that the manpower in these hospitals is maintained. Despite the recognition of Islam as the state religion, the first 4 prime ministers have stressed that Malaysia could function as a secular state. Eurasian Malaysians are often descendants of British, Portuguese, and Dutch colonists. The description is composed by our digital data assistant. [1][8] The population distribution is highly uneven, with some 20 million residents concentrated in Peninsula Malaysia. Today, the city serves as the economic, financial, logistics and medical tourism hub in the northern region of Malaysia. Other groups collectively account for 8.8% of the Malaysian population. In the past, Malays wrote in Pallava or using the Sanskrit-based alphabet of Kawi. Before World War II most of the growth was due to immigration from China and India; after World War II it was due to natural increase. Malaysia/State Please choose MALAYSIA JOHOR KEDAH KELANTAN MELAKA NEGERI SEMBILAN PAHANG PULAU PINANG PERAK PERLIS SELANGOR TERENGGANU SABAH SARAWAK W.P. [67], Islam is the largest and state religion of Malaysia, although Malaysia is a multi-religious society and the Malaysian constitution guarantees religious freedom. On average there are 548,419 births and 171,708 deaths in Malaysia per year. They continue to have strong ties with China. To help you easily understand the dynamics of economics and business in Malaysia through a series of graphs, here are 5 infographics on some of the country’s key data. At the end of Form Three, which is the third year, students are evaluated in the Form Three Assessment ("Pentaksiran Tingkatan Tiga", PT3). Punjabi language is commonly spoken by the Punjabi community. The proportion of urban population increased from 27% in 1979 to 34% in 1980. Malaysian English also sees wide use in business, along with Manglish, which is a colloquial form of English with heavy Malay, Chinese languages and Tamil influences. Update to date information about population of Malaysia in 2020. Malayalam Language is used by the Malayalee ethnic group. In addition, four reputable international universities have set up their branch campuses in Malaysia since 1998. Malays, as Bumiputra, see Malaysia as their land, and since race riots in 1969 Bumiputra have been especially privileged in Malaysia – top government positions are reserved for Malays, and the Malays received cheaper housing, priority in government jobs as well as business licenses. There are 7 major races in the world including subraces . Its primary objectives were reduction of poverty irrespective of race, and restructuring of Malaysian society to eliminate identification of race with economic function to reduce inequalities in income distribution between races and to reduce the identification of race with economic activities. Population of Malaysia: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. Population Trends in Malaysia 263 Population Growth, 1970-80 As shown in Table 1, the population of Malaysia has more than doubled since 1947, and is now not far below that of Australia. [43] The English-speaking Chinese minority is typically concentrated in cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, George Town, Ipoh and Malacca. Singapore lays claim to 278.6 square miles (721.5 square kilometers) of total surface area as an island city-state off the coast of Malaysia, earning the rank of 190 th in the world in terms of size. The Population Projections Program produces projections of the United States resident population by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. In 2015, the prefix data of Malaysian population is 30,995,700 and the divisions by ethnics are as follow: Bumiputera - 19,150,900 (61.8%); Chinese - 6,620,300 (21.4%); Indian - 1,988,600 (6.4%); Others - 270,700 (0.9%) and … The largest group of Malaysians consist of three main races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. The Malaysian government places importance on the expansion and development of health care, putting 5% of the government social sector development budget into public health care[85]—an increase of more than 47% over the previous figure. Of the total Malaysian citizens, 'Bumiputera' (Malay and native indigenous groups) comprised 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, Indians 11%, and others at 7.8%. A branch campus can be seen as an 'offshore campus' of the foreign university, which offers the same courses and awards as the main campus. Source: National Census 2010,[1] Department of Statistics Malaysia, Structure of the population (01.07.2011) (Estimates – Data refer to projections based on the 2018 Population Census):[18], Structure of the population (2015 estimates) :[19]. There are over 70,000 Africans who have emigrated to Malaysia.[55]. It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day. [86] Infant mortality rate in 2009 was 6 deaths per 1000 births, and life expectancy at birth in 2009 was 75 years. [10], Citizenship is usually granted by lex soli. Most Eurasian Malaysians trace their ancestry to British, Dutch and/or Portuguese colonists, and there is a strong Kristang community in Malacca. Population projections in 2017 show that the Malays and Bumiputeras comprised a total of 68.8% of the total population, Chinese 23.2% and Indians 7.0%. The Malaysian population consists of people of different races, religions and race. Chart and table of Malaysia population from 1950 to 2020. Other Bumiputras include the Burmese, the Chams, Khmers, and the Malaysian Siamese. [58][59] Many businesses in Malaysia conduct their transactions in English, and it is sometimes used in official correspondence. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Malaysia was estimated to be 32,466,407 people. The 2.01 million strong Indian community in Malaysia is the smallest of the three main ethnic groups, comprising only 7.0% of the total population excluding non-citizens as of 2017. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the … This page provides - Malaysia Population - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Sex ratio for Malaysia in 2015 and 2016 was 107 respectively. Malaysia is a multicultural and multiconfessional country, whose official religion is Islam. Despite that, English remains an active second language in many areas of Malaysian society and is taught as a compulsory subject in all public schools. [88] Malaysia has the highest levels of obesity among ASEAN countries.[89][90]. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, Demographics and Ethnic Groups of Australia, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, Non-Malay Bumiputera and Other Indigenous Groups. Population growth rate: 1.29% (2020 est.) Accounting for 50.1% of the Malaysian population, the Malays are the largest ethnic group in the country. Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. The more common languages in Peninsular Malaysia are Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, Teochew, Hainanese, and Hokchiu. [65] Thai is also spoken in some areas. This implies that much of our development resources will still need to be devoted to cater for the needs of the younger age groups, particularly in terms of child care, education and other social services. Originally brought by the British as bodyguards and security personnel, Nepali population consist of Rana, Chettri, Rai and Gurung clans. By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. Singapore Area and Population Density. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. [10] Due to the rise in labour-intensive industries,[11] Malaysia is estimated to have over 3 million migrant workers, which is about 10% of the Malaysian population. Every citizen is issued a biometric smart chip identity card, known as MyKad, at the age of 12, and must carry the card at all times. [5] A large number of the non-Bumiputra arrived during the colonial period, but most of the non-Bumiputras were native-born by 1947 as large-scale immigration had effectively ceased by the late 1940s. Malaysian officials are reported to have turned deportees directly over to human smugglers in 2007, and Malaysia employs RELA, a volunteer militia, to enforce its immigration law.[14]. In the next two decades, Malaysia will still have a moderately “young” population, with those within the age group 0-14 constituting 30.5 per cent of the total population. [37] They live as subsistence farmers. [40] They have been dominant in trade and business since the early 20th century. Rate of natural increase is approximately 1.15 percent per year. A small minority of Malaysians do not fit into the broader ethnic groups. In terms of age structure of the population in 2016, population in group 0-14 years old decreased by 0.4 percentage points to 24.5 per cent. There are also 60 Chinese Independent High Schools in Malaysia, where most subjects are taught in Chinese. The Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur, lies in the western part of the peninsula. Demographic Transition in Malaysia, Demographic Statistics Division, Malaysia. Population policy is aimed at lowering the rate of natural increase to 2% by 1985. Malaysian Chinese mostly speak Chinese languages from the southern provinces of China. [34] Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. Together with the surrounding towns including Butterworth, Sungai Petani, Kulim, Bandar Baharu and Parit Buntar, it forms Greater Penang, the nation's second largest conurbation with a population of about 2.5 million. [68] The percentage population of Muslims has been steadily increasing – from 58.6% in 1991, 60.4% in 2000, to the 61.3% of the 2010 census. They illustrate information from the World Bank data from 2016 on the population, wealth and economy of Malaysia compared with other ASEAN countries and some major global markets and economies: US, EU, China, … Babas and nyonyas as a group are known as Peranakan. More than 85% of Malaysian Indians adhere to Hinduism. Population Pyramids: Malaysia - 2050. Malaysia [Population education in countries of the region]. [4] The Chinese population has shrunk proportionally from 1957, when it was about 40% of Malaya,[5] although in absolute numbers they have increased around threefold by 2017 in Malaysia (2.4 million in 1957 to 6.6 million in 2017, the later figure include East Malaysia) but have been dwarfed by the fivefold increase of Malays (from around 3.1 million in 1957 to 15.5 million in 2017). Is conducted in secondary schools ( Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan ) for five years religion become... 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